Uganda is a land-locked country located on the equator in East Africa. It borders Lake Victoria, one of the largest freshwater lakes in the world.
It is a beautiful country which includes urban areas, rural areas, and protected national parks where one can find many wild animals, including elephants, giraffes, and mountain gorillas endowed with beautiful landscape like waterfalls and hot springs, beautiful mountains. Football (soccer) is the national sport in Uganda. Playing football is very popular, as is cheering on the Uganda Cranes however other games like netball, basketball, swimming and athletics have taken up a soaring toll on the Ugandan sports sector. Education in Africa is largely based on repetition and memorization. School fees must be paid in order to attend school, and students must pass exams in order to progress to the next grade. English is the official language in Uganda, but most people speak one of the various languages in Uganda.
The United Kingdom ruled Uganda from 1894 to 1962, when the country gained its independence. In 1971, Idi Amin Dada took control of the country. His regime carried out mass killings to maintain control. It is estimated that 300,000 people lost their lives under his eight year dictatorship. Guerrilla warfare and human rights abuses under Milton Obote (1980-1985) are estimated to have claimed at least another 100,000 lives. Yoweri Museveni has been in power since 1986. During Museveni’s presidency, Uganda has been involved in civil war in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), other conflicts in the Great Lakes Region, as civil war within Uganda against the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA). Under the leadership of Joseph Kony, the LRA has killed thousands, displaced millions, and is responsible for crimes against humanity included recruiting child soldiers and mass murders.
Uganda remains one of the world’s poorest countries, with approximately one-third of the population living below the poverty line and a per capital income of approximately $250 per year. This is an average of 68 cents per day, per person.
Uganda has one of the highest population growth rates in the world. The country’s current population of 31,367,972 is projected to explode to 130,000,000 by 2050, nearly a five-fold increase. Women in Uganda have an average of 6.81 children.
HIV prevalence in Uganda is 4.1% with approximately 9000 people living with HIV and 1.2 million children having been orphaned by AIDS. As a consequence, the life expectancy in Uganda is just 60 years old. Other life threatening diseases are prevalent in Uganda as well. For example, in 2006 there are estimated to have been 10.6 million cases of malaria. Deaths among young adults leave behind millions of orphaned children, placing a burden on the community and the country. In 2005 UNICEF calculated there were over 2.3 million known orphans in Uganda. It is believed that there are currently over 3 million orphans.